Related Sanskrit Words:
Derived Words in Other Languages:
अर्थ ártha [ artha ]
as, am m. n. [ in RV. i-ix only n.
in RV. x six times n. and thrice m.
in later Sanskṛt only m. ] aim, purpose ( very often artham , arthena, arthāya, and arthe ifc. or with gen., for the sake of. on account of. in behalf of. for ' )
cause, motive, reason Mn. ii, 213, etc.
advantage, use, utility ( generally named with kāma and dharma , tri- varga
used in wishing well to another, dat. or gen. Pāṇ. 2-3, 73 )
thing, object ( said of the membrum virile ŚBr. xiv )
object of the senses VarBṛS.
( hence ) the number, five ', Seiryas
substance, wealth, property, opulence, money
( hence in astron. ) N. of the second mansion, the mansion of wealth ( cf., dhana ) VarBṛS.
personified as the son of Dharma arid Buddhi BhP.
affair, concern ( Ved. often acc. 'artham with √ i, or gam , to go to one's business, take up one's work RV. etc. )
( in law ) lawsuit, action
having to do with ( instr. ), wanting, needing anything ( instr. ), SBr, etc.
sense, meaning, notion ( cf. artha-śabdau and arthāt s.v. below and vedatattvârtha-vid )
manner, kind L., prohibition, prevention L.
price ( for argha, q.v. ) L.
( āt ), abl. ind., s.v. below
( e ), loc. ind. with √ 1. kṛ ( g. sakṣād-ādi, q.v. )
ártha-kara [ arthakara ]
mf ( i ) n. ( Pāṇ. 3-2, 20 Sch. ) producing advantage, useful Hit.
ártha-karman [ arthakarman ]
n. an action on purpose ( opposed to guṇa-karman, q.v. )
ártha-kāma [ arthakAma ]
n. [ R. ii, 86, 6, v.l. ] or au m. du. [ R. ii , 86, 6 Mn., iv, 176 ] or ās m. pl. [ Mn. ii, 13 ] utility and desire, wealth and pleasure, ( mfn. ) desirous of wealth, N. MBh. xii, 220, desiring to be useful
ártha-kāraka [ arthakAraka ]
m. N. of a son of Dytimat MārkP. ( v.l. andha-k° VP. )
ártha-kāraṇāt [ arthakAraNAt ]
ind. ifc. for the sake or on account of. R. Hcat
ártha-karśya [ arthakarzya ]
n. poverty Ragh. v, 21
ártha-kāśin [ arthakAzin ]
mfn. only apparently ( i.e. not really ) of use or utility BhP.
ártha-kilbiṣin [ arthakilbiSin ]
mfn. dishonest in money matters Mn. viii, 141
ártha-kṛcchra [ arthakRcchra ]
n. sg. [ R. iv, 7, 9 ] or pl. [ N. ] a difficult matter
ártha-kṛt [ arthakRt ]
mfn. causing profit, useful
ártha-kṛta [ arthakRta ]
mfn. made for a special purpose Jaim
made only with regard to utility, interested ( as friendship ) BhP.
caused by the sense of a word ( opposed to śabda-k° and desa-k ) Comm. on VPrāt.
ártha-kṛtya [ arthakRtya ]
n. [ R. ] or ártha-kṛtyā f. [ Megh. ] settling a matter or affair
ártha-kṛtyā [ arthakRtyA ]
f. [ Megh. ] or ártha-kṛtya n. [ R. ] settling a matter or affair
ártha-kovida [ arthakovida ]
mfn. expert in any matter, experienced R. vi, 4, 8
ártha-kriyā [ arthakriyA ]
f. an action performed with a special purpose Sarvad
the being useful ( to others ), Lalit.
ártha-gata [ arthagata ]
mfn. = gatârtha, ( g. ākitâgny-ādi, q.v. )
ártha-gati [ arthagati ]
f. understanding the sense Pat.
ártha-gariyas [ arthagariyas ]
mfn. ( compar. ) highly significant
ártha-guṇa [ arthaguNa ]
m. preference or advantage in regard to the sense Kpr.
ártha-gṛha [ arthagRha ]
n. a treasury Hariv.
ártha-grahaṇa [ arthagrahaNa ]
n. abstraction, of money
( in Gr. ) apprehension of meaning
ártha-grāhin [ arthagrAhin ]
mfn. choosing advantage Āp.
ártha-ghna [ arthaghna ]
mfn. destroying wealth, wasteful, extravagant Mn. ix, 80 and Yājñ. i, 73
destroying advantage, causing loss, or damage Vātsy
ártha-citta [ arthacitta ]
mfn. thinking on or desirous of wealth
ártha-citra [ arthacitra ]
n. ' variety in sense ', a pun Kpr.
ártha-cintaka [ arthacintaka ]
mfn. knowing or considering what is useful Vātsy. ( cf. sarvârtha-c°. )
ártha-cintana [ arthacintana ]
n. or attention or consideration of affairs Sāh
ártha-cintā [ arthacintA ]
f. attention or consideration of affairs Sāh
ártha-jāta [ arthajAta ]
n. sg. and pl. collection of goods, money Mṛcch
things, objects, Sak. Daś
ártha-jña [ arthajJa ]
mfn. = -kovida above R. iii, 71, 1
understanding the sense ( of a word ) Nir. etc.
ártha-tattva [ arthatattva ]
n. the real object or nature or cause of anything ( in comp. ) Mn. xii, 102 R. i, 1, 16
the true state of a case, fact of the matter
ártha-tantra [ arthatantra ]
n. the doctrine of utility BhP.
( mfn. ) subject to, i.e. acting according to one's interest BhP.
ártha-tas [ arthatas ]
ind. towards a particular object, Sāṅkhyak. Mcar.
( ifc. ) for the sake of. Pañcat
in fact, really, truly R. etc.
for the profit of
with respect to the sense VarBṛS. ( opposed to grantha-tas and sūtra-tas Jain. )
ártha-tṛṣ [ arthatRS ]
mfn. greedy after money BhP.
ártha-tṛṣṇā [ arthatRSNA ]
f. desire for wealth or money VP. BhP.
ártha-da [ arthada ]
mfn. conferring advantage, profitable Kathās
munificent Mn. ii, 109
ártha-datta [ arthadatta ]
m. N. of wealthy merchants ' Kathās
ártha-darśaka [ arthadarzaka ]
m. ' seeing lawsuits ', a judge L. ( cf. akṣa-d°. )
ártha-darśana [ arthadarzana ]
n. consideration of a case Mālav
ártha-dāna [ arthadAna ]
n. donation of money, present MBh.
a present given with a ( self ish ) purpose Hcat
ártha-dūṣṇa [ arthadUSNa ]
n. spoiling of ( another's or one e own ) property, either ' unjust seizure of property ' or, ' prodigality ' Mn. vii, 48 & 51, etc.
ártha-dṛś [ arthadRz ]
f. an eye on ( i.e. consideration of ) the truth, BhP.
ártha-driṣṭi [ arthadriSTi ]
f. seeing profit BhP.
ártha-doṣa [ arthadoSa ]
m. a mistake with regard to the meaning Sāh. Kpr.
ártha-dravya-virodha [ arthadravyavirodha ]
m. opposition between the purpose and the thing, KāstyŚr. Jaim
ártha-nāśa [ arthanAza ]
m. loss of money
ártha-nibandhana [ arthanibandhana ]
mfn. having its cause in wealth, contingent on affluence and respectability MBh. i, 5141.
ártha-nirvṛtti [ arthanirvRtti ]
f. fulfilling of a purpose, KāiySr. R.
ártha-niścaya [ arthanizcaya ]
m. decision of a matter R. iv, 31, 32
determinate view of a matter L.
ártha-nyúna [ arthanyuna ]
mfn. deficient in wealth ', poor MBh.
ártha-pati [ arthapati ]
m. ' lord of wealth ', a rich man VarBṛS. etc.
a king Ragh. etc.
N. of Kubera L.
of the grandfather of the poet Bāṇa Kād. ( cf. ārtha-patya. )
ártha-pada [ arthapada ]
n. N. of the Vārttikas on Pāṇ. R. vii, 36, 45
ártha-para [ arthapara ]
mfn. intent on gaining wealth, niggardly R.
ártha-parígraha [ arthaparigraha ]
m. possession of wealth R. v, 43, 6
( mfn. ) dependent on money MBh. iii, 1292
ártha-pāla [ arthapAla ]
m. N. of a man, Dās
ártha-prakṛti [ arthaprakRti ]
f. ' the principal thing required for a special aim ', N. of the five constituent elements of a drama Sāh. Daśar
ártha-prayoga [ arthaprayoga ]
m. application of wealth to usury
ártha-prasaṃkhyā [ arthaprasaMkhyA ]
f. considering the aim KātyŚr
ártha-prâpti [ arthaprApti ]
f. acquisition of wealth
' attainment of meaning ', i.e. the state of being clear by itself. Car.
ártha-bandha [ arthabandha ]
m. ' binding the sense together ', a word or sentence Śāk. Vikr
ártha-bhāj [ arthabhAj ]
mfn. entitled to a share in the division of property
ártha-bhṛta [ arthabhRta ]
mfn. having high wages ( as a servant )
ártha-bheda [ arthabheda ]
m. distinction or difference of meaning
ártha-bhraṃśa [ arthabhraMza ]
m. loss of fortune, ruin VarBṛS.
failing of an aim or of an intention
ártha-matta [ arthamatta ]
mfn. proud of money Daś
ártha-manas [ arthamanas ]
mfn. having an aim in view Gobh
ártha-maya [ arthamaya ]
mfn. useful Bhām.
ártha-mātra [ arthamAtra ]
ā, am fn. property, money Pañcat. Kathās
( mfn. ) being only the matter itself. Yogas
ártha-yukta [ arthayukta ]
mfn. significant Kum. i, 13
ártha-yukti [ arthayukti ]
f. gain, profit
ártha-rāsi [ artharAsi ]
m. great wealth Daś
ártha-ruci [ artharuci ]
mfn. = -citta Mudr
ártha-lābha [ arthalAbha ]
m. acquisition of wealth
ártha-lubdha [ arthalubdha ]
mfn. greedy of wealth, covetous, niggardly Daś
ártha-leśa [ arthaleza ]
m. a little wealth
ártha-lopa [ arthalopa ]
m. failing or non-existence of anaim Jaim. KātyŚr.
ártha-lobha [ arthalobha ]
m. desire of wealth, avarice
ártha-vat [ arthavat ]
full of sense, significant Pāṇ. 1-2, 45, etc.
suitable to the object, fitting RPrāt. KātyŚr.
full of reality, real
( ān ), m. a man L.
( artha-vat ), ind. according to a purpose Mn. v, 134 Yājñ. iii, 2
ártha-vat-tā [ arthavattA ]
f. or significance, importance
ártha-vat-tva [ arthavattva ]
n. significance, importance
ártha-vargīya [ arthavargIya ]
ās or āṇi m. or n. pl. ' treating of the category of objects ', N. of certain Buddhist texts
ártha-varjita [ arthavarjita ]
mfn. unimportant Kathās
ártha-varman [ arthavarman ]
m. N. of a rich merchant Kathās
ártha-vāda [ arthavAda ]
m. explanation of the meaning ( of any precept ) KātyŚr. Nyāyad. etc.
praise, eulogium Uttarar
ártha-vādin [ arthavAdin ]
mfn. ' relating facts ' Pañcat
ártha-vijñāna [ arthavijJAna ]
n. comprehension of meaning ( one of the six or eight exercises of the understanding ) L.
ártha-vid [ arthavid ]
mfn. knowing the sense Ragh. iii, 21
ártha-vidyā [ arthavidyA ]
f. knowledge of practical life MBh. vii, 169
ártha-vināśa [ arthavinAza ]
m. loss of one's fortune VarBṛS.
ártha-vināśana [ arthavinAzana ]
mfn. causing a loss or disadvantage MBh.
ártha-viniścaya [ arthavinizcaya ]
m. ' a disquisition treating of the ' objects ' , N. of a, Buddhist text
ártha-vipatti [ arthavipatti ]
f. failing of an aim R. ii, 19, 40
ártha-vṛddhi [ arthavRddhi ]
f. accumulation of wealth
ártha-vaikalya [ arthavaikalya ]
n. incongruity in the facts, deviation from truth Mn. viii, 95
ártha-vyakti [ arthavyakti ]
f. clearness of the sense Sāh. Kpr. etc.
ártha-vyaya [ arthavyaya ]
-sāha mfn. ' allowing expenditure ', prodigal L.
ártha-śabdau [ arthazabdau ]
m. du. = śabdârthau, word and sense, ( g. rājadantâdi . )
ártha-śālin [ arthazAlin ]
( ī ), m. a wealthy man
ártha-śāstra [ arthazAstra ]
ártha-śāstraka [ arthazAstraka ]
n. id. AgP.
ártha-śauca [ arthazauca ]
n. purity, honesty in money matters ( cf. -prayoga above ) Mn. v, 106 Kām
ártha-śrī [ arthazrI ]
f. great wealth Kathās
ártha-samisaya [ arthasamisaya ]
m. danger in regard to one's fortune MBh.
ártha-saṃsthāna [ arthasaMsthAna ]
n. accumulation of wealth
ártha-saṃgraha [ arthasaMgraha ]
m. accumulation of wealth Ragh. xvii, 60
' compendium of objects ( treated of ), N. of one of the Pūrva- mīmāṃsā texts
ártha-saṃgrahin [ arthasaMgrahin ]
mfn. accumulating wealth MBh. ii, 2569
ártha-saṃcaya [ arthasaMcaya ]
m. sg. and pl. collection of wealth, property MBh.
ártha-saṃnyāsin [ arthasaMnyAsin ]
mfn. renouncing an advantage
ártha-saṃsambandha [ arthasaMsambandha ]
m. possession of wealth Mudr
connection of the sense with the word or sentence ( cf. -bandha above ) L.
ártha-sambandhin [ arthasambandhin ]
mfn. concerned or interested in an affair Mn. viii, 64 Yājñ. ii, 71
ártha-sādhaka [ arthasAdhaka ]
mf ( ikā ) n. promoting an aim, useful, profitable MBh. i, 4785, etc. ( cf. svârthasādhaka )
m. the plant Putraṃjīva Roxburghī, N.
N. of a minister of king D'aśarathi R. i, 7, 3
ártha-sāra [ arthasAra ]
m. n. a considerable property Pañcat
( Hit. )
ártha-siddha [ arthasiddha ]
mfn. clear in itself. self-evident
m. N. of the tenth day of the Karma-māsa, Sūiryapr.
N. of Śākyamuni in one of his previous births ( as a Bodhisattva).
ártha-siddhaka [ arthasiddhaka ]
m. the plant Vitex Negundo, L.
ártha-siddhi [ arthasiddhi ]
f. aquisition of wealth, Car.
success, Ragh. ii, 21
N. of a particular magical faculty
( is ), m. N. of a son of Pushya Hariv.
ártha-hara [ arthahara ]
mfn. inheriting wealth Viṣṇus
ártha-hāni [ arthahAni ]
f. loss of wealth MBh. VarBṛS.
ártha-hāraka [ arthahAraka ]
mf ( ikā ) n. stealing money
( ikā ), f. N. of a female demon MārkP.
ártha-hārin [ arthahArin ]
mfn. stealing money Kathās
ártha-hīna [ arthahIna ]
mfn. ' deprived ' of sense, unmeaning, nonsensical
deprived of wealth, poor L.
arthâgama [ arthAgama ]
m. sg. [ Vātsy. ] or pl. [ MBh. iii, 88 ] receipt or collection of property, income, acquisition of wealth
arthâdhikāra [ arthAdhikAra ]
m. office of treasurer Hit.
arthâdhikārin [ arthAdhikArin ]
mfn. a treasurer
arthântara [ arthAntara ]
n. another matter, a different or new circumstance, a similar case ( often with ny- √ 2. as, to introduce some other matter as an illustration, arthântara-nyāsa below )
a different meaning Nyāyad
opposite or antithetical meaning, difference of meaning or purport L.
arthântara-nyāsa [ arthAntaranyAsa ]
m. introduction of some other matter ( an illustration of a particular case by a general truth or of a general truth by a particular case ) Sāh. Kāvyâd. etc.
arthântarâkṣepa [ arthAntarAkSepa ]
m. ' throwing in another fact ', i.e. establishing any disagreement with a statement by introducing a similar case ( showing the impossibility of that statement ), Kāvyâd
arthânvita [ arthAnvita ]
mfn. possessed of wealth, rich
possessed of sense, significant
arthâpatti [ arthApatti ]
f. inference from circumstances, a disjunctive hypothetical syllogism
arthâpatti-sama [ arthApattisama ]
ā, am fn. an inference by which the quality of any object is attributed to another object because of their sharing some other quality in common Nyāyad. Sarvad
arthâbhāva [ arthAbhAva ]
m. absence or want of an aim KātyŚr. etc.
arthâbhinirvṛtti [ arthAbhinirvRtti ]
f. accomplishment or successful issue of any matter MBh. v, 4548
arthâbhiprâpaṇa [ arthAbhiprApaNa ]
n. obtaining or pointing out the sense
arthârjana [ arthArjana ]
n. acquisition of property Hit.
arthârtha [ arthArtha ]
mfn. effective for the accomplishment of the aim in view Gobh
( am ), ind. on account of money, Kathis
arthârtha-tattva-jña [ arthArthatattvajJa ]
mfn. ' knowing the essence of the very aim of anything ', knowing thoroughly R.
arthârthin [ arthArthin ]
mfn. desirous of gaining wealth MBh. iii, 1288, desirous of making a profit, selfish
°thi-ta f. desire of wealth
arthâlaṃkāra [ arthAlaMkAra ]
m. embellishment of the sense by poetical figures, etc. ( opposed to śabdâlaṃkāra, embellishment of the sound by rhymes, etc. ), N. of wk.
arthâvamarda [ arthAvamarda ]
m. ' wasting of wealth ', prodigality
arthâvṛtti [ arthAvRtti ]
f. ( in rhetoric ) re-occurrence of words of the same sense Kāvyâd
arthê't [ arthet ]
mfn. ( √ i ), active, hasty ( said of running waters ) VS. x, 3
arthêpsu-tā [ arthepsutA ]
f. desire of wealth MBh. i, 6126
arthêhā [ arthehA ]
arthaika-tva [ arthaikatva ]
n. congruity or harmony of the purpose ( with the thing ) Jaim
arthaikya [ arthaikya ]
n. id. Comm. on Nyāyam
arthôtpāda [ arthotpAda ]
m. ( in rhetoric ), production of a ( different ) sense, putting words in an artificial order so that they give a different sense
arthôtsarga [ arthotsarga ]
m. expenditure of money Mudr
arthôpakṣepaka [ arthopakSepaka ]
mfn. indicating or suggesting a matter ( so as to facilitate the understanding of the plot ) ', a N. applied to the parts of a drama called viṣkambha, cūlikā, aṅkâsya, aṅkâvatāra, and praveśaka, qq. vv. Sāh. Daśar
arthôpakṣepaṇa [ arthopakSepaNa ]
n. suggesting or indicating a matter Sāh
arthôpama [ arthopama ]
n. a simile which merely states the object of comparison ( without adding the tertium comparationis or any particle of comparison, e.g. ' he is a lion ', said in praise ) Nir
arthôpârjana [ arthopArjana ]
n. = arthârjana above
arthôṣman [ arthoSman ]
m. glow or pride of wealth, condition of being wealthy L.
arthaugha [ arthaugha ]
m. a heap of effects or property MBh. iii, 15307
a treasure L.