artha

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अर्थ

Contents

अर्थ
 ártha [ artha ]


as, am m. n. [ in RV. i-ix only n.

in RV. x six times n. and thrice m.

in later Sanskṛt only m. ] aim, purpose ( very often artham , arthena, arthāya, and arthe ifc. or with gen., for the sake of. on account of. in behalf of. for ' )

cause, motive, reason Mn. ii, 213, etc.

advantage, use, utility ( generally named with kāma and dharma , tri- varga

used in wishing well to another, dat. or gen. Pāṇ. 2-3, 73 )

thing, object ( said of the membrum virile ŚBr. xiv )

object of the senses VarBṛS.

( hence ) the number, five ', Seiryas

substance, wealth, property, opulence, money

( hence in astron. ) N. of the second mansion, the mansion of wealth ( cf., dhana ) VarBṛS.

personified as the son of Dharma arid Buddhi BhP.

affair, concern ( Ved. often acc. 'artham with √ i, or gam , to go to one's business, take up one's work RV. etc. )

( in law ) lawsuit, action

having to do with ( instr. ), wanting, needing anything ( instr. ), SBr, etc.

sense, meaning, notion ( cf. artha-śabdau and arthāt s.v. below and vedatattvârtha-vid )

manner, kind L., prohibition, prevention L.

price ( for argha, q.v. ) L.

( āt ), abl. ind., s.v. below

( e ), loc. ind. with √ 1. kṛ ( g. sakṣād-ādi, q.v. )




ártha-kara [ arthakara ]

mf ( i ) n. ( Pāṇ. 3-2, 20 Sch. ) producing advantage, useful Hit.



ártha-karman [ arthakarman ]

n. an action on purpose ( opposed to guṇa-karman, q.v. )



ártha-kāma [ arthakAma ]

n. [ R. ii, 86, 6, v.l. ] or au m. du. [ R. ii , 86, 6 Mn., iv, 176 ] or ās m. pl. [ Mn. ii, 13 ] utility and desire, wealth and pleasure, ( mfn. ) desirous of wealth, N. MBh. xii, 220, desiring to be useful



ártha-kāraka [ arthakAraka ]

m. N. of a son of Dytimat MārkP. ( v.l. andha-k° VP. )



ártha-kāraṇāt [ arthakAraNAt ]

ind. ifc. for the sake or on account of. R. Hcat



ártha-karśya [ arthakarzya ]

n. poverty Ragh. v, 21



ártha-kāśin [ arthakAzin ]

mfn. only apparently ( i.e. not really ) of use or utility BhP.



ártha-kilbiṣin [ arthakilbiSin ]

mfn. dishonest in money matters Mn. viii, 141



ártha-kṛcchra [ arthakRcchra ]

n. sg. [ R. iv, 7, 9 ] or pl. [ N. ] a difficult matter



ártha-kṛt [ arthakRt ]

mfn. causing profit, useful



ártha-kṛta [ arthakRta ]

mfn. made for a special purpose Jaim

made only with regard to utility, interested ( as friendship ) BhP.

caused by the sense of a word ( opposed to śabda-k° and desa-k ) Comm. on VPrāt.



ártha-kṛtya [ arthakRtya ]

n. [ R. ] or ártha-kṛtyā f. [ Megh. ] settling a matter or affair



ártha-kṛtyā [ arthakRtyA ]

f. [ Megh. ] or ártha-kṛtya n. [ R. ] settling a matter or affair



ártha-kovida [ arthakovida ]

mfn. expert in any matter, experienced R. vi, 4, 8



ártha-kriyā [ arthakriyA ]

f. an action performed with a special purpose Sarvad

the being useful ( to others ), Lalit.



ártha-gata [ arthagata ]

mfn. = gatârtha, ( g. ākitâgny-ādi, q.v. )



ártha-gati [ arthagati ]

f. understanding the sense Pat.



ártha-gariyas [ arthagariyas ]

mfn. ( compar. ) highly significant



ártha-guṇa [ arthaguNa ]

m. preference or advantage in regard to the sense Kpr.



ártha-gṛha [ arthagRha ]

n. a treasury Hariv.



ártha-grahaṇa [ arthagrahaNa ]

n. abstraction, of money

( in Gr. ) apprehension of meaning

signification



ártha-grāhin [ arthagrAhin ]

mfn. choosing advantage Āp.



ártha-ghna [ arthaghna ]

mfn. destroying wealth, wasteful, extravagant Mn. ix, 80 and Yājñ. i, 73

destroying advantage, causing loss, or damage Vātsy



ártha-citta [ arthacitta ]

mfn. thinking on or desirous of wealth



ártha-citra [ arthacitra ]

n. ' variety in sense ', a pun Kpr.



ártha-cintaka [ arthacintaka ]

mfn. knowing or considering what is useful Vātsy. ( cf. sarvârtha-c°. )



ártha-cintana [ arthacintana ]

n. or attention or consideration of affairs Sāh



ártha-cintā [ arthacintA ]

f. attention or consideration of affairs Sāh



ártha-jāta [ arthajAta ]

n. sg. and pl. collection of goods, money Mṛcch

things, objects, Sak. Daś



ártha-jña [ arthajJa ]

mfn. = -kovida above R. iii, 71, 1

understanding the sense ( of a word ) Nir. etc.



ártha-tattva [ arthatattva ]

n. the real object or nature or cause of anything ( in comp. ) Mn. xii, 102 R. i, 1, 16

the true state of a case, fact of the matter



ártha-tantra [ arthatantra ]

n. the doctrine of utility BhP.

( mfn. ) subject to, i.e. acting according to one's interest BhP.



ártha-tas [ arthatas ]

ind. towards a particular object, Sāṅkhyak. Mcar.

( ifc. ) for the sake of. Pañcat

in fact, really, truly R. etc.

for the profit of

with respect to the sense VarBṛS. ( opposed to grantha-tas and sūtra-tas Jain. )



ártha-tṛṣ [ arthatRS ]

mfn. greedy after money BhP.



ártha-tṛṣṇā [ arthatRSNA ]

f. desire for wealth or money VP. BhP.



ártha-da [ arthada ]

mfn. conferring advantage, profitable Kathās

munificent Mn. ii, 109



ártha-datta [ arthadatta ]

m. N. of wealthy merchants ' Kathās

Vet



ártha-darśaka [ arthadarzaka ]

m. ' seeing lawsuits ', a judge L. ( cf. akṣa-d°. )



ártha-darśana [ arthadarzana ]

n. consideration of a case Mālav



ártha-dāna [ arthadAna ]

n. donation of money, present MBh.

a present given with a ( self ish ) purpose Hcat



ártha-dūṣṇa [ arthadUSNa ]

n. spoiling of ( another's or one e own ) property, either ' unjust seizure of property ' or, ' prodigality ' Mn. vii, 48 & 51, etc.



ártha-dṛś [ arthadRz ]

f. an eye on ( i.e. consideration of ) the truth, BhP.



ártha-driṣṭi [ arthadriSTi ]

f. seeing profit BhP.



ártha-doṣa [ arthadoSa ]

m. a mistake with regard to the meaning Sāh. Kpr.



ártha-dravya-virodha [ arthadravyavirodha ]

m. opposition between the purpose and the thing, KāstyŚr. Jaim



ártha-nāśa [ arthanAza ]

m. loss of money



ártha-nibandhana [ arthanibandhana ]

mfn. having its cause in wealth, contingent on affluence and respectability MBh. i, 5141.



ártha-nirvṛtti [ arthanirvRtti ]

f. fulfilling of a purpose, KāiySr. R.



ártha-niścaya [ arthanizcaya ]

m. decision of a matter R. iv, 31, 32

determinate view of a matter L.



ártha-nyúna [ arthanyuna ]

mfn. deficient in wealth ', poor MBh.



ártha-pati [ arthapati ]

m. ' lord of wealth ', a rich man VarBṛS. etc.

a king Ragh. etc.

N. of Kubera L.

of the grandfather of the poet Bāṇa Kād. ( cf. ārtha-patya. )



ártha-pada [ arthapada ]

n. N. of the Vārttikas on Pāṇ. R. vii, 36, 45



ártha-para [ arthapara ]

mfn. intent on gaining wealth, niggardly R.



ártha-parígraha [ arthaparigraha ]

m. possession of wealth R. v, 43, 6

( mfn. ) dependent on money MBh. iii, 1292



ártha-pāla [ arthapAla ]

m. N. of a man, Dās



ártha-prakṛti [ arthaprakRti ]

f. ' the principal thing required for a special aim ', N. of the five constituent elements of a drama Sāh. Daśar



ártha-prayoga [ arthaprayoga ]

m. application of wealth to usury



ártha-prasaṃkhyā [ arthaprasaMkhyA ]

f. considering the aim KātyŚr



ártha-prâpti [ arthaprApti ]

f. acquisition of wealth

' attainment of meaning ', i.e. the state of being clear by itself. Car.



ártha-bandha [ arthabandha ]

m. ' binding the sense together ', a word or sentence Śāk. Vikr



ártha-bhāj [ arthabhAj ]

mfn. entitled to a share in the division of property



ártha-bhṛta [ arthabhRta ]

mfn. having high wages ( as a servant )



ártha-bheda [ arthabheda ]

m. distinction or difference of meaning



ártha-bhraṃśa [ arthabhraMza ]

m. loss of fortune, ruin VarBṛS.

failing of an aim or of an intention



ártha-matta [ arthamatta ]

mfn. proud of money Daś



ártha-manas [ arthamanas ]

mfn. having an aim in view Gobh



ártha-maya [ arthamaya ]

mfn. useful Bhām.



ártha-mātra [ arthamAtra ]

ā, am fn. property, money Pañcat. Kathās

( mfn. ) being only the matter itself. Yogas



ártha-yukta [ arthayukta ]

mfn. significant Kum. i, 13



ártha-yukti [ arthayukti ]

f. gain, profit



ártha-rāsi [ artharAsi ]

m. great wealth Daś



ártha-ruci [ artharuci ]

mfn. = -citta Mudr



ártha-lābha [ arthalAbha ]

m. acquisition of wealth



ártha-lubdha [ arthalubdha ]

mfn. greedy of wealth, covetous, niggardly Daś



ártha-leśa [ arthaleza ]

m. a little wealth



ártha-lopa [ arthalopa ]

m. failing or non-existence of anaim Jaim. KātyŚr.



ártha-lobha [ arthalobha ]

m. desire of wealth, avarice



ártha-vat [ arthavat ]

mfn. wealthy

full of sense, significant Pāṇ. 1-2, 45, etc.

suitable to the object, fitting RPrāt. KātyŚr.

full of reality, real

( ān ), m. a man L.

( artha-vat ), ind. according to a purpose Mn. v, 134 Yājñ. iii, 2



ártha-vat-tā [ arthavattA ]

f. or significance, importance



ártha-vat-tva [ arthavattva ]

n. significance, importance



ártha-vargīya [ arthavargIya ]

ās or āṇi m. or n. pl. ' treating of the category of objects ', N. of certain Buddhist texts



ártha-varjita [ arthavarjita ]

mfn. unimportant Kathās



ártha-varman [ arthavarman ]

m. N. of a rich merchant Kathās



ártha-vāda [ arthavAda ]

m. explanation of the meaning ( of any precept ) KātyŚr. Nyāyad. etc.

praise, eulogium Uttarar



ártha-vādin [ arthavAdin ]

mfn. ' relating facts ' Pañcat



ártha-vijñāna [ arthavijJAna ]

n. comprehension of meaning ( one of the six or eight exercises of the understanding ) L.



ártha-vid [ arthavid ]

mfn. knowing the sense Ragh. iii, 21



ártha-vidyā [ arthavidyA ]

f. knowledge of practical life MBh. vii, 169



ártha-vināśa [ arthavinAza ]

m. loss of one's fortune VarBṛS.



ártha-vināśana [ arthavinAzana ]

mfn. causing a loss or disadvantage MBh.



ártha-viniścaya [ arthavinizcaya ]

m. ' a disquisition treating of the ' objects ' , N. of a, Buddhist text



ártha-vipatti [ arthavipatti ]

f. failing of an aim R. ii, 19, 40



ártha-vṛddhi [ arthavRddhi ]

f. accumulation of wealth



ártha-vaikalya [ arthavaikalya ]

n. incongruity in the facts, deviation from truth Mn. viii, 95



ártha-vyakti [ arthavyakti ]

f. clearness of the sense Sāh. Kpr. etc.



ártha-vyaya [ arthavyaya ]

m. expenditure

-sāha mfn. ' allowing expenditure ', prodigal L.



ártha-śabdau [ arthazabdau ]

m. du. = śabdârthau, word and sense, ( g. rājadantâdi . )



ártha-śālin [ arthazAlin ]

mfn. wealthy

( ī ), m. a wealthy man



ártha-śāstra [ arthazAstra ]

n. a book treating of practical life ( cf. -vidyā above ) and political government ( cf. -cintana above ) MBh. etc.



ártha-śāstraka [ arthazAstraka ]

n. id. AgP.



ártha-śauca [ arthazauca ]

n. purity, honesty in money matters ( cf. -prayoga above ) Mn. v, 106 Kām



ártha-śrī [ arthazrI ]

f. great wealth Kathās



ártha-samisaya [ arthasamisaya ]

m. danger in regard to one's fortune MBh.



ártha-saṃsthāna [ arthasaMsthAna ]

n. accumulation of wealth

treasury L.



ártha-saṃgraha [ arthasaMgraha ]

m. accumulation of wealth Ragh. xvii, 60

treasury L.

' compendium of objects ( treated of ), N. of one of the Pūrva- mīmāṃsā texts



ártha-saṃgrahin [ arthasaMgrahin ]

mfn. accumulating wealth MBh. ii, 2569



ártha-saṃcaya [ arthasaMcaya ]

m. sg. and pl. collection of wealth, property MBh.



ártha-saṃnyāsin [ arthasaMnyAsin ]

mfn. renouncing an advantage



ártha-saṃsambandha [ arthasaMsambandha ]

m. possession of wealth Mudr

connection of the sense with the word or sentence ( cf. -bandha above ) L.



ártha-sambandhin [ arthasambandhin ]

mfn. concerned or interested in an affair Mn. viii, 64 Yājñ. ii, 71



ártha-sādhaka [ arthasAdhaka ]

mf ( ikā ) n. promoting an aim, useful, profitable MBh. i, 4785, etc. ( cf. svârthasādhaka )

m. the plant Putraṃjīva Roxburghī, N.

N. of a minister of king D'aśarathi R. i, 7, 3



ártha-sāra [ arthasAra ]

m. n. a considerable property Pañcat

( Hit. )



ártha-siddha [ arthasiddha ]

mfn. clear in itself. self-evident

m. N. of the tenth day of the Karma-māsa, Sūiryapr.

N. of Śākyamuni in one of his previous births ( as a Bodhisattva).



ártha-siddhaka [ arthasiddhaka ]

m. the plant Vitex Negundo, L.



ártha-siddhi [ arthasiddhi ]

f. aquisition of wealth, Car.

success, Ragh. ii, 21

N. of a particular magical faculty

( is ), m. N. of a son of Pushya Hariv.



ártha-hara [ arthahara ]

mfn. inheriting wealth Viṣṇus



ártha-hāni [ arthahAni ]

f. loss of wealth MBh. VarBṛS.



ártha-hāraka [ arthahAraka ]

mf ( ikā ) n. stealing money

( ikā ), f. N. of a female demon MārkP.



ártha-hārin [ arthahArin ]

mfn. stealing money Kathās



ártha-hīna [ arthahIna ]

mfn. ' deprived ' of sense, unmeaning, nonsensical

deprived of wealth, poor L.



arthâgama [ arthAgama ]

m. sg. [ Vātsy. ] or pl. [ MBh. iii, 88 ] receipt or collection of property, income, acquisition of wealth



arthâdhikāra [ arthAdhikAra ]

m. office of treasurer Hit.



arthâdhikārin [ arthAdhikArin ]

mfn. a treasurer



arthântara [ arthAntara ]

n. another matter, a different or new circumstance, a similar case ( often with ny- √ 2. as, to introduce some other matter as an illustration, arthântara-nyāsa below )

a different meaning Nyāyad

opposite or antithetical meaning, difference of meaning or purport L.



arthântara-nyāsa [ arthAntaranyAsa ]

m. introduction of some other matter ( an illustration of a particular case by a general truth or of a general truth by a particular case ) Sāh. Kāvyâd. etc.



arthântarâkṣepa [ arthAntarAkSepa ]

m. ' throwing in another fact ', i.e. establishing any disagreement with a statement by introducing a similar case ( showing the impossibility of that statement ), Kāvyâd



arthânvita [ arthAnvita ]

mfn. possessed of wealth, rich

possessed of sense, significant



arthâpatti [ arthApatti ]

f. inference from circumstances, a disjunctive hypothetical syllogism



arthâpatti-sama [ arthApattisama ]

ā, am fn. an inference by which the quality of any object is attributed to another object because of their sharing some other quality in common Nyāyad. Sarvad



arthâbhāva [ arthAbhAva ]

m. absence or want of an aim KātyŚr. etc.



arthâbhinirvṛtti [ arthAbhinirvRtti ]

f. accomplishment or successful issue of any matter MBh. v, 4548



arthâbhiprâpaṇa [ arthAbhiprApaNa ]

n. obtaining or pointing out the sense



arthârjana [ arthArjana ]

n. acquisition of property Hit.



arthârtha [ arthArtha ]

mfn. effective for the accomplishment of the aim in view Gobh

( am ), ind. on account of money, Kathis



arthârtha-tattva-jña [ arthArthatattvajJa ]

mfn. ' knowing the essence of the very aim of anything ', knowing thoroughly R.



arthârthin [ arthArthin ]

mfn. desirous of gaining wealth MBh. iii, 1288, desirous of making a profit, selfish

°thi-ta f. desire of wealth



arthâlaṃkāra [ arthAlaMkAra ]

m. embellishment of the sense by poetical figures, etc. ( opposed to śabdâlaṃkāra, embellishment of the sound by rhymes, etc. ), N. of wk.



arthâvamarda [ arthAvamarda ]

m. ' wasting of wealth ', prodigality



arthâvṛtti [ arthAvRtti ]

f. ( in rhetoric ) re-occurrence of words of the same sense Kāvyâd



arthê't [ arthet ]

mfn. ( √ i ), active, hasty ( said of running waters ) VS. x, 3



arthêpsu-tā [ arthepsutA ]

f. desire of wealth MBh. i, 6126



arthêhā [ arthehA ]

f. id.



arthaika-tva [ arthaikatva ]

n. congruity or harmony of the purpose ( with the thing ) Jaim



arthaˆikya [ arthaikya ]

n. id. Comm. on Nyāyam



arthôtpāda [ arthotpAda ]

m. ( in rhetoric ), production of a ( different ) sense, putting words in an artificial order so that they give a different sense



arthôtsarga [ arthotsarga ]

m. expenditure of money Mudr



arthôpakṣepaka [ arthopakSepaka ]

mfn. indicating or suggesting a matter ( so as to facilitate the understanding of the plot ) ', a N. applied to the parts of a drama called viṣkambha, cūlikā, aṅkâsya, aṅkâvatāra, and praveśaka, qq. vv. Sāh. Daśar



arthôpakṣepaṇa [ arthopakSepaNa ]

n. suggesting or indicating a matter Sāh



arthôpama [ arthopama ]

n. a simile which merely states the object of comparison ( without adding the tertium comparationis or any particle of comparison, e.g. ' he is a lion ', said in praise ) Nir



arthôpârjana [ arthopArjana ]

n. = arthârjana above



arthôṣman [ arthoSman ]

m. glow or pride of wealth, condition of being wealthy L.



arthaˆugha [ arthaugha ]

m. a heap of effects or property MBh. iii, 15307

a treasure L.





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